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Teaching your dog ‘Hand Target’

Hand target, also known as “Touch”. This is a great tool to have in your dog training tool
box. If trained effectively it can be used for many things, such as to get your dog’s attention
back onto you, instead of fixating on something scary, and as a fun focus exercise. It can be
used as an alternative recall. Make sure you have some treats and your clicker ready, or your
marker word agreed if you are not using a clicker.
STEP 1: Put a small treat under your thumb whilst your hand is flat. As seen in the picture
STEP 2: Then present your flat hand in front of your dog’s face. When they move their face
towards your hand to take the treat, release the treat once their face touches your hand
and use your marker word or clicker. Repeat this 5 times. Each time put a treat under your
thumb and your hand behind your back so you can re-present it to your dog.
STEP 3: Now do the same thing but without a treat under your thumb. Present a flat hand
to your dog. Once they move their face towards your hand and touch it, use your marker
word or clicker to mark the behaviour and then give them a treat. Repeat this 5 times. Be
patient, if you show them your hand and they don’t move towards it immediately, wait
them out, they are trying to figure out what you want and this is where the learning is
happening! Give them a while to work it out before you try again. If your dog doesn’t
understand what is being asked of them. Repeat step 2 with a treat under your thumb a
couple more times to help them understand before moving on and trying step 3 again.
STEP 4: Once your dog has touched their nose to your flat hand, after it has been
presented 5 times, we can now name the behaviour, as they understand what is being
asked of them. Do exactly what you did in step 3, but when you present your hand to your
dog say the cue word “Touch”. If you get 5 successful touches in a row, with the flat hand
and the cue word, you can safely say you have taught your dog a hand target!
● When attempting this exercise in a new location, you may have to start at step 1
again and work through. Dogs are very literal learners. If an exercise is taught in one
room, they can sometimes think that it only applies to that room and not
everywhere they are asked to perform the behaviour. Practice in many different
locations around the house and outside (when your dog is ready). This applies for
anything that we teach our dog. Also be aware that this can be the case when a new
person is doing the exercise. They may have to start from step 1 and go through the
● Make it easy for your dog at first. Put your hand close to their face to give them a
clue as to what you are asking. Once you feel your dog understands the exercise you
can increase the distance.
● Make sure to get food out of your hand as soon as possible. We only want to be
luring our dogs a handful of times to give them the idea of what we want. Keeping
food in our hand too long means our dog isn’t necessarily learning what is being
asked, but just following the food.
If you need further help, you can find a dog trainer by copying and pasting the link below
into your web browser:
Jade Spiro BSc 2022